Multiple Myeloma

Multiple myeloma, also known as myeloma, is a type of bone marrow cancer. Bone marrow is the spongy tissue at the center of some bones and where the body’s blood cells are produced.. It’s called multiple myeloma, as the cancer often affects several areas of the body, such as the spine, skull, pelvis and ribs. (NHS)

What is Bone Marrow?

Bone marrow is the soft, spongy tissue inside the bones, where the blood cells are made. It contains stem cells that can turn into any type of blood cell: white and red blood cells as well as platelets. When the bone marrow is affected by cancer, healthy stem cells may need to be infused into the body to replace the unhealthy marrow cells. This procedure is called a bone marrow transplant (BMT), or also a stem cell transplant. In certain circumstances chemotherapy and/or radiation are being administered days or weeks before the transplant.

Common Types Of BMT Include:

Autologous transplant (AUTO), using cells from your own body.

Allogeneic transplant (ALLO)-using another person’s (a donor) stem cells.

Read more about Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT)

Here Are Some Tips To Be Better Prepare For The Transplant:

  • Talk to your medical team. Prepare a list of questions and remember that there’s no such thing as a stupid question. If you don’t understand something – ask for a clarification. Make sure to discuss issues that could affect your future plans, like fertility. Also, be aware of all possible early and late side effects that the procedure might cause.
  • If you smoke, you should quit smoking before you start treatment to avoid complications such as mouth sores and lung problems. Ask your doctor for guidance.
  • It is important to see your dentist and finish your dental work before treatments.
  • Plan a visit to one of the isolation units you will stay ahead of time, it will allow you to familiarize yourself with the facility.
  • Make practical preparations beforehand, such as let your school/work know, organize childcare, the food at home, etc.
  • When packing your hospital bag, make sure you have some things that bring you comfort, like moisturizers and lip balm to alleviate dryness and also books and electronic devices to keep you busy (don’t forget the chargers and reading glasses).

For more information:

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